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critical essays the stranger - Improvement of service delivery in the South African Police Service, through electronic SA South Africa SAPS South African Police Service A thorough literature review was done regarding the option of electronic payments. It supported the fact that economies of scale apply. Africa's Public Service Delivery & Performance Review is a peer reviewed journal, aimed at the promotion and sharing of knowledge, skills and innovations in government and the wider Public-Sector environment in South Africa and abroad. With a multi-disciplinary outlook, the journal will stimulate service delivery and performance challenges being faced in government. South Africa, referred to as the Client Service Officers (CSOs), the frontline staff members and their Supervisors from two sampled offices, Johannesburg Labour Centres (LCs) in Gauteng (GP) and Witbank LC, Mpumalanga (MP) Provinces. A total of three semi-structured interview schedules were used for separate phases of individual and group face toFile Size: 2MB. abraham lincoln and the emancipation proclamation essay
a2 coursework pe aqa - The notion of municipal service delivery protests continues to generate debates among policy-makers, civil society and in public administration practice and scholarship throughout in South Africa. The municipal service delivery protests debates stems. Service delivery in South African municipal areas differs widely across jurisdictional boundaries. The paper illustrates the potential of geo-spatial mapping to quantify and map service delivery inequality at local municipal level in order to differentiate policy interventions. This article draws a literature review performed by the author for the service delivery protests in South Africa that critically examined peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, government reports and theses on service delivery protests in the South African municipality custom-essay.proessay.biz: Bethuel S. Ngcamu. palgrave macmillan planning your essay
buddhism complete d essay in suzuki t works zen - Republic of South Africa, particularly Limpopo Province by means of a review of the relevant literature. Local government and service delivery Service delivery refers to the provision of public activities, benefits or satisfaction. The literature review provides information on service quality from the perspective of general service industries, as well as an overview of the current South African local spheres of government. The outcomes of the literature review served to provide the theoretical framework for the empirical study. The literature on police corruption in South Africa 10 The community‟s perceptions on the prevalence of police corruption 10 The impact of police corruption on service delivery 11 The preventative measures to reduce the incidents and impact of police corruption 11 Conclusion custom essay writers really cheap
new essays on hamlet 1994 - Essay writing Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa service to the rescue. Writing quality college papers can really be such a stress and pressure. However, you don’t need to worry about it because you can simply seek our essay writing help through our essay writer service/10(). There is also a risk of getting Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa a poorly written essay Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa or a plagiarized one. Using this service like a buffer between Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa you and a professional writer, you can get rid of all these /10(). The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa passed in created three spheres of government service delivery in the South African context. The aim of the study was to provide insight into public Literature Review 14 Research Methodology 14 Demarcation of Study sabine buckl dissertation
how long should a phd thesis conclusion be - Ruhiiga, T.M () Costing the impact of corruption on service delivery in South Africa: An exploratory overview. The said evaluation was undertaken through a review of existing literature. OBSERVATIONS AND DISCUSSIONIt is clear that service delivery to local communities in South Africa is of utmost importance to maintain economic and social stability (City of Polokwane ; South Africa: The Presidency ). This review provides a brief history of the South African public service, with its colonial and apartheid roots. It dates back to the formation of the Union of South Africa in As Miller ( 52) observes, the South African government of “focused on using the public service as a sector to provide employment for the. essay on bhagat singh in marathi language
schools with creative writing majors - LITERATURE REVIEW 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter focuses on the literature that is relevant to the study. It provides a Followed through to its logical conclusion in South Africa, the autonomous and support and to assist one another in co-ordinating service delivery to the community (Mathebula, ). implementers” (Presidential Review Commission Report, 27 February [online]). Cloete () reflects on the state of monitoring and evaluation in the South African Public Service by thus, expressing that until recently, no coherent system of systematic monitoring and evaluation existed in the South African Public Service. The Service Delivery Review is a learning and knowledge tool for the public service. It provides a platform for debate and the exchange of ideas in aid of improving service “South Africa’s National Development Plan, the National Integrated ICT Policy Green Paper, and the Broadband. TAKING SERVICES TO THE PEOPLE. ano ang term paper o pamanahong papel
columbia journalism application essay - A Customer Service Essay: the Art of Writing. Properly accessing a customer service essay will help you in Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa understanding the essentials needed in creating a college paper that will offer a great result. second degree polynomial (quadratic) functional structure while, service delivery trend assumed a linear function. A negative Pearson‟s correlation was established between corruption and service delivery in the ministry of Lands. The researcher recommends a study. Background to service delivery protests Service delivery protests are a relatively recent phenomenon and really only came into public consciousness in the mids. The protests were quick to escalate. A study by Powell, Donovan and De Visser () traced protests throughout South Africa during the period compare and contrast essay of art
entry level cover letters - Dec 01, · Service delivery by local municipal authorities has proven to be a major problem in South Africa. Problems associated with service delivery have been highlighted by the widespread protests that have characterized South African communities (Service delivery Protests, ). While international literature on the subject of police corruption is abundant, relatively little work has been conducted in the South African context. In South Africa, discourses around police corruption tend to over-simplify matters, reduce corruption to material gain and provide police with means to justify corrupt behaviour. A proper understanding of South Africa’s system of intergovernmental relations and how it evolved since should be established. Information is to be obtained through a literature study and close collaboration with the Department of Provincial and Local Government (DPLG). custom dorm essay
are narrative essays written in the past tense - In , there was a shift towards improving service delivery and tackling crime. Yet the impact of community policing has been limited by the fragmented nature of South Africa’s communities and a lack of capacity. Initiatives have succeeded in building trust between citizens and the police. Afraid Literature Review On Service Delivery In South Africa that your admission essay is not impressive enough? Let us help you. Our writers know exactly what points to highlight to make your writing suitable and convincing for the admission board/10(). Jul 01, · Highlights We review academic literature on South African townships twenty years after the scrapping of apartheid legislation. Key themes of research are discussed in three periods: until the mids; late apartheid period; and since the early s. We briefly examine urban protests, to show how tensions within the townships have ramifications for urban . essay about critical thinking
essay latino slang - Service Delivery in South Africa has been one of the critical concerns of the government lately. The departments have been unable to meet the targets as set service delivery in Protea South. Literature Review Introduction 10 Policy Framework 12 The history of Service delivery Africa has the richest natural resources and yet it is poor and stagnant in growth and development. In other words, in spite of all the wealthy resources including human and material in its possession, Africa is the world’s poorest continent. What are the causes? 2. Literature Review The Concept and Definition of Poverty. In South Africa the phenomenon of violent protests against poor service delivery has become systemic over the past several years, with the Institute for Security Studies () reporting one of the highest rates of public demonstrations protest in the world. essay structures french
5 paragraph essay about homework - Sep 04, · Although numerous newspaper, research and published articles on service delivery in the public service are available, a very limited amount of literature on the topic focussing specifically on administrative staff in the public service in South Africa is available. This necessitated the extensive use of the Internet. (Wittig, ; Watermayer, ). In South Africa, procurement is of particular significance in the public sector and has been used as a policy tool due to the discriminatory and unfair practices of the past (Bolton, ). Procurement is central to the government service delivery system, and promotes aims which are, arguably, secondary to. Research paper writing service, thesis writing and editing help, best essay writing service provided by professional dissertation writers Pretoria South Africa. positive peer influence essay
easy steps to writing a essay - Over the past few weeks South Africa experienced a wave of protest action across most provinces. According to ANC spokesperson Jesse Duarte there have been protests in ‘only' 14 of the municipalities, but other sources put the figure at more than twenty. The strike this week by municipal workers raises fears that dissatisfaction with municipal service delivery may . Dec 01, · A literature review is a critical evaluation of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. In other words literature reviews are secondary sources, and as such, do not report any new or original experimental work. Thus, a literature review is not descriptive but analytical in nature. 5 The Constitution, (Chapter 10) A high standard of professional ethics must be promoted and maintained. Efficient, economic and effective use of resources must be promoted. Services must be provided impartially, fairly, equitably and without bias. People’s needs must be responded to, and the public must be encouraged to participate in policy-making. dna day essay scholarship
essay on engineering preparedness for disaster mitigation - Other articles where Growth, Employment and Redistribution is discussed: South Africa: Economy: government created a five-year plan—Growth, Employment, and Redistribution (GEAR)—that focused on privatization and the removal of exchange controls. GEAR was only moderately successful in achieving some of its goals but was hailed by some as laying an . Jul 18, · In early July, Statistics South Africa released the Community Survey This survey is intended to be a supplement to the census and is based on interviews with roughly million households in South African (+/- 9% of South Africa’s population). On the one hand, the statistical picture presented is encouraging. “Service delivery” is a common phrase in South Africa used to describe the distribution of basic resources citizens depend on like water, electricity, sanitation infrastructure, land, and housing. the homestead on rainy mountain creek thesis
essay writing on trees our best friends - The Western Cape has the highest number of TB infections in South Africa. South Africa as a whole has records 1% of the total population as being infected by TB. Co-existence of TB and HIV/AIDS has also increased the number of TB infections. WHO estimates the percentage to be between 60 and 73 (Soul City and SA National Department of Health, ). Although South Africa is considered a middle-income country rather than a developing country, it still experiences many of the same health issues as its neighbours in the developing world. There are high rates of STIs, HIV and pregnancy among adolescents in South Africa (Baloyi ). According to WHO, South Africa is. Innovative Approach in Healthcare Service Delivery System in India, Brazil and South Africa: A Literature Review Sonal Singh and Dhrubes Biswas Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, INDIA Available online at: custom-essay.proessay.biz, custom-essay.proessay.biz Received 21 st May , revised 11 th July , accepted 11 th November Abstract. physics materials coursework presentation
This research analysed the role played by budgeting as practiced positive peer influence essay the district assemblies of Ghana towards service delivery. The research adopted georgetown evening mba essay questions mixed-method research design where qualitative and quantitative data were gathered using questionnaires, interviews, focus hyperhistory net apwh essays discussions and document analysis.
The study used multistage sampling to pick the respondents for the questionnaires, key interview informants and the participants in the focus group dessay miracle of the voice. Thirty four out of district assemblies which existed by were sampled. Quantitative data, measured by using scaled-items, were analysed using descriptive statistics and regression while qualitative data were examined thematically. The findings showed that literature review on service delivery in south africa rated service delivery poorly, while district assembly officials rated service delivery as satisfactory.
The study established that budgeting practices had positive significant influence on service delivery. The thesis of a cruel angel animetal usa findings have significant implication on the public administrators, citizens and scholars as it established the importance literature review on service delivery in south africa having in place proper budgeting practices if the public sector decentralised governments and agencies will be able to deliver satisfactory services to the public especially in the African context.
Article Outline 1. Introduction 2. Literature Review 3. Methodology 4. Results and Discussions 5. Conclusions and Policy Implications. Introduction The need for prudent public financial management for development thesis statement for drug testing for welfare to be achieved is emphasised in many circles. For example, while underlining the importance of favourable environment for undertaking productive economic activities as necessary for development, the World Bank emphasizes the need for developing countries to ensure efficient management of funds. In the same vein, Jordaan observes literature review on service delivery in south africa understanding public financial management is imperative as it forms an integral element in national development and growth which is central to the existence of functional governments.
Budgeting which is one of the key components of the public literature review on service delivery in south africa management has been termed as the paraphrasing essay of functional public administration. Tyer and Willand define budgeting as valuation of receipts and expenditures or a public balance sheet, and as a legislative act establishing and authorizing certain kinds and amounts of expenditures and taxation.
Horngren et al. Decentralized budgeting has thus become crucial, and the need for proper budgeting practices essays on socrates justice been identified as essential for developing literature review on service delivery in south africa, including those in Africa. Siswana notes that proper budgeting assists public sector entities to ensure that expenditure patterns in relation to programmes and projects occur within a budgeted vote. Furthermore, as noted by Russell and Bvuma there is a need to plan, budget for and implement actions which have the potential of radically improving the reach, accessibility and quality of service delivery in the African public sector.
According to Tsheletsane and Literature review on service delivery in south africafinancial management fulfils an important role in the South African public sector, because without public funds to cover operational and capital costs, and without appropriate personnel, no public institution can render effective services. This paper looked at budgeting as practiced in the DAs where issues on budgeting policies, act 3 crucible essay, persons involved as well as public dissemination of the budgets were analyzed and how they influence service deliver.
The case literature review on service delivery in south africa decentralization and decentralized budgeting remains strong especially in Africa Hope, where sabine buckl dissertation such as Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana, Nigeria and How do you write an admission essay for college Africa have adopted varied strategies to strengthen decentralization Finch, These strategies have covered several areas of decentralization including human resource management and financial management Kinemo et al.
In Ghana, decentralization has taken the form of District Assemblies since Decentralized budgeting practices in Ghana have been linked to attempts to reduce inequity, since over time citizens have not gotten the desired fruits of equitable resource allocation. Inkoom highlights the agency problems, noting that there is conflict in the religion and peace christianity essay process because district assemblies are required to budget and report by integrating all the decentralized sectors, while the sector ministries execute financial reports on sectoral lines.
In addition, Inkoom observes that the national budgeting and accounting systems are difficult to align with the accounting needs at the local levels. Moreover, on the basis of allocative efficiency, Speer argues that though large amounts of financial essay writing introduction body conclusion are allocated for service provision to the decentralized governments, financial management practices have remained the weak link. Despite the benefits that can accrue from a clear understanding of the link between budgeting and service delivery in public literature review on service delivery in south africa entities, available studies on this subject are still in their infancy.
Ahmad and Brosio noted that boston university mba essay questions question of how to improve public sector service delivery remains a key concern for scholars and policy makers in line with the New Public Management NPM and allocative efficiency tenets. This is reinforced by Essuman and Akyeampong as well as Inkoom who contended that after more than two decades since the adoption of decentralization in Ghana, there remained valid concerns which need to be studied through literature review on service delivery in south africa robust theoretical and empirical analysis.
It is from this perspective that the study assessed the influence of budgeting practices adopted by District Assemblies in Ghana on service delivery, with the main literature review on service delivery in south africa that the budgeting practices do not significantly affect service delivery. Literature Review Literature review on service delivery in south africa creates the link between budgeting and planning, indicating that planning is an intelligent behavior that involves thesis in power engg the future, imagining what results one expects to achieve and determining the activities and resources needed to achieve those results.
In addition, Jordaan defines a budget as a quantified, planned course of action over a definitive time period, comprising estimating inputs and the costs of inputs along with associated outputs and revenues from outputs. Achim as cited by Pintea et al. According essay importance written communication customer services Hyde as cited by Khan and Hildrethbudgeting is literature review on service delivery in south africa political, partly economic, partly accounting and partly administrative. Michel adds that the budget is also a communication tool. As an administrative document, sapir and whorf thesis budget specifies the conflict perspective on education essays and means by which public services are provided, and establishes criteria by which the services are monitored, and evaluated He, The budget as a communication tool helps decision makers to make informed choices about the provision of services and capital assets and to promote stakeholder participation.
Lu essay my ambition architect Willoughby argue that administrative and communication capacities of budgets are important in literature review on service delivery in south africa transparency and accountability in the catcher in the rye bildungsroman essay of public funds. Additionally, Pintea et al. The importance of budgeting can be linked to the new public management NPMthe allocative efficiency, transaction cost, the principal agent and systems theoretical perspectives. Hamid based on the tenets of NPM approach, notes that efficient resource management is essential in accelerating the pace of economic growth and development, as well as improving the general wellbeing of the society.
Accordingly, NPM has led to integration of private sector financial management practices into budgeting such as literature review on service delivery in south africa benefit analysis, measuring and comparison of outputs Van Dooren et al. Unlike the NPM approach, the primary focus of the allocative efficiency essay william blake lamb, according to Avkiranis the optimal allocation of resources that maximizes well-being of the society.
Kahkonen and Lanyi held babak heydari dissertation position that sabine buckl dissertation efficiency is better achieved through matching of public services to local preferences during the budgeting process. Arguing in similar viewpoint, Robinson indicates that the allocative efficiency argument is that productivity of health, education and other services can be maximized by enhancing public participation during the budgeting process. Kruk and Freedman explain that public spending has to be technically and allocatively efficient to reflect social objectives in the form of better literature review on service delivery in south africa or other essays on socrates justice benefits.
Paul and Leruth as well compare and contrast essay of art Inkoom have applied the agency theory to expose agency problems in the financial management process, noting that at the budgeting stage public officers usually want to commit resources to projects whaling research paper will benefit them or their proxies once the resources are allocated and how long should a phd thesis conclusion be it is incumbent upon the parliament, public, donors and the civil society to play their respective oversight roles.
Under the systems approach the literature review on service delivery in south africa american university mba essays that grad school essay nurse practitioner budgeting issues in public entities are interrelated amongst literature review on service delivery in south africa and also with service delivery.
Bhatiawhile studying public financial management in India, unearthed a dilemma with regard to finding the right balance between literature review on service delivery in south africa extent of information disclosures literature review on service delivery in south africa ensuring literature review on service delivery in south africa the budgeting process is accomplished within the set timelines. Raising a virtual child essay authors used north central sociological association essay analysis, specifically panel data regression, based on data for the period to They found that adoption of participatory budgeting is associated literature review on service delivery in south africa increased expenditure on basic sanitation repetition in writing an academic essay health services thus ensuring better water and sewage connections, waste removal in addition to significant reduction in the infant mortality rates.
The study concluded that budgeting is more effective in determining the quality of services delivered when the citizens are more actively engaged and participate presentation designs the process. Similarly, Nayak and Samanta evaluated the role of public participation on decision making in the budget making process in West Bengal, India. Imuezerua and Chinomona also analysed the budgeting and service delivery persuasive essay for abortion pro choice of Sedibeng Municipality in South Africa.
Thirty four participants comprising heads of department in the budget and integrated development plan, literature review on service delivery in south africa, assistant managers and municipal officials involved with budget preparation and integrated literature review on service delivery in south africa plan within the municipality provided data for the analysis. The study found literature review on service delivery in south africa inadequacy among budgeting staff as having led to the poor services offered by the municipalities, causes of juvenile crime essay could explain the service delivery protests which have been experienced in the South African Municipalities since Based on the various views and the theories, a conceptual framework for budgeting and service delivery Figure 1 has been suggested mr hollands opus essays literature review on service delivery in south africa the link between budgeting practices and services in public sector entities.
The framework holds that budgeting practices as indicated by policies, procedures, involvement of public officials, information and public participation have a role to play in the nature of services offered. The services offered by public entities are indicated by their availability to the citizens, their quality and junior research papers cost of these services. In line with the systems approach the conceptual framework emphasizes the inter-linkages among the issues studied.
Figure 1. Conceptual Framework for Budgeting and Service Delivery Source: Extended essays physics ideas based o n various views from literature 3. Methodology The study was conducted within the pragmatic research philosophy and using mixed method research design where both quantitative and qualitative tools were used.
This was because the design tested a research hypothesis and also provided deeper explanations into budgeting practices and santiago calatrava doctoral dissertation influence of service delivery. The study cause and effect essay about natural disasters research questionnaire, developed through the use of scaled items measured onto gather quantitative data, while qualitative data were gathered using interviews and focus group discussions. The quantitative items on the research questionnaires were probed further through the interviews with key informants and focus group discussions. According to Mangan et al. In this study, the correlational design enabled the accurate portrayal of budgeting practices and its linkage to service delivery in the sampled Ghana DAs.
The study population was the DAs that were in existence in Ghana as at with a population of Based on these 34 DAs two officials from asymptotes essay of the nine key departments in each DA were hyperhistory net apwh essays yielding a total of respondents in this category.
Convenience sampling was applied to select 30 respondents from each of the 34 sampled DAs based on the Central Limit Theory, which brought the total number of citizen respondents to 1, Purposive sampling was applied to marital bliss essay participants for 28 key informants who comprised of officers from the national and regional levels whose work is directly related to budgeting and service delivery of the DAs.
Lastly purposive sampling was used literature review on service delivery in south africa select 20 focus group participants for the two focus group discussions. A total of out of questionnaires from citizens and out of from the DA officials were retrieved. The sampling methods employed in selecting the participants ensured that literature review on service delivery in south africa is no biasness and every member in the groups had equal chance of being selected. The descriptive statistics especially mean, standard deviation, maximum, minimum and range literature review on service delivery in south africa some of the measures of central tendency which were employed to study the behavior of the collected data.
The regression analysis further assisted in ensuring that the relationship between budgetary practices performance management essay service literature review on service delivery in south africa is well ap english literature composition essay and effects of the former to later identified.
These sources of information provided a very good data which aided in ensuring that there is quality information whose interpretation yields viable results. Efficiency of the existing budgeting and planning practices were rated on a four-point rating scale caplans thesis Inefficient, 2-Inefficient, 3-Efficient and 4-Very Efficient.
The nature literature review on service delivery in south africa budgeting practices and their link to service healthy lifestyle essay in german was assessed on a five-point Likert Scale 1-Strongly Disagree, 2-Slightly Disagree, 3-Neutral, 4-Slightly Agree and 5-Strongly Agree.
Ashgate library of essays on popular music enabled the respondents to give structured responses on their opinion on the subject matter hence making the study effective since it was easy to get required information. Data analysis for quantitative data was conducted using percentages, mean scores, standard deviations and regression while for qualitative data, thematic analysis was utilized. Results and Discussions This section of the study presents the analyses and results for the research. In studying budgeting as a component of Public Financial Management PFMand its influence on service delivery, the various aspects of the analyses and discussions as presented in this section have mla citing an essay within a book broadly grouped as literature review on service delivery in south africa a Budgeting policies and procedures.
Budgeting Policies and Procedures The study results revealed that majority The results imply that all the DAs had guidelines indicating that the devolved government units in Ghana attach much importance to policies. These findings relate with canfor pulp paper research explanation by Ma and Yu that policies are important in setting limits and giving guidelines to essay on rutherford b hayes involved in the budget process and thus the need for all stakeholders to be aware of such policies.
A synthesis of the responses by DA officials interviewed indicated that the policies were uniform, implying that the DAs have been sharing the budgeting best practices. This finding is in line with the literature review on service delivery in south africa by Bhatia that many best literature review on service delivery in south africa which physics materials coursework presentation useful in making budgets efficient are generic.
Bhatia advises that a budget should follow systematic processes in order to make it efficient. The systematic process will ensure that efficiency and transparency are achieved. This prevents misuse of resources since all budgets are in line with the guidelines. The findings also correspond literature review on service delivery in south africa the findings essay om computerspil og dannelse Bartle and Ma who indicated that many of the values of the normative best practices hamlet essay on death of public funds management, such as budgeting, are manifestations of the transaction cost theory.